저널 : Sensors, Vol.21, No. 3, 2021, 1012; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21031012
· 논문제목 : “Joint Multimodal Embedding and Backtracking Search in Vision-and-Language Navigation”
· 저자 : 황지수, 김인철
· 요약 : Due to the development of computer vision and natural language processing technologies in recent years, there has been a growing interest in multimodal intelligent tasks that require the ability to concurrently understand various forms of input data such as images and text. Vision-and-language navigation (VLN) require the alignment and grounding of multimodal input data to enable real-time perception of the task status on panoramic images and natural language instruction. This study proposes a novel deep neural network model (JMEBS), with joint multimodal embedding and backtracking search for VLN tasks. The proposed JMEBS model uses a transformer-based joint multimodal embedding module. JMEBS uses both multimodal context and temporal context. It also employs backtracking-enabled greedy local search (BGLS), a novel algorithm with a backtracking feature designed to improve the task success rate and optimize the navigation path, based on the local and global scores related to candidate actions. A novel global scoring method is also used for performance improvement by comparing the partial trajectories searched thus far with a plurality of natural language instructions. The performance of the proposed model on various operations was then experimentally demonstrated and compared with other models using the Matterport3D Simulator and room-to-room (R2R) benchmark datasets.